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What does the term "milk-solids-nonfat" mean?

Milk-solids-nonfat (MSNF) consists of the protein, carbohydrate (lactose) and ash (minerals) in a dairy product. The other two major components are water and milkfat. Below is a table that shows the typical composition of several dairy ingredients:

 

 

Skim
Milk

Nonfat Dry
Milk, Instant

Light
Cream

 

Water

90.5%

4.0%

74.0%

 

Fat

0.1%

0.7%

18.3%

(MSNF)

Protein

3.6%

35.1%

2.9%

(MSNF)

Lactose

5.1%

52.2%

4.2%

(MSNF)

Ash

0.7%

8.0%

0.6%

 

Total

100%

100%

 

 

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